WORK02: Employment and unemployment by reporting country, age, employment status, sex and time
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Creation date
National Statistical Institutes and Eurostat [lfsa_ugan, lfsa_egan and demo_pjan]. Data retrieved from Eurostat: 20181206.


Data is based on recommendations from the International Labour Organization (ILO).
Employed: Comprise employees, self-employed persons and assisting spouses. In order to be classified as employed, a person must work,i.e. perform labour against some form of payment for at least one hour during the reference period.
Unemployed: Persons out of work who are available to start working within two weeks and are actively seeking a job.
Not in the labour force: Includesyoung people still pursuing their education and those engaged in work without compensation as well as the retired and disabled.
Labour force: The sum of employed and unemployed. Figures may not add up because of rounding.
Unemployment rate: Unemployedin per cent of the labour force.
Employment rate: Employed in per cent of total number of people aged 15-64 (mean or average population during the year).
reporting country
Labour force survey data.

Data revised from 1995 and onwards with the 2018 update.

Due to calculation figures may not sum up to total.
18-64 year olds. 15-19 year olds=18-19 year olds.
Labour force survey (annual average). Not in the labour force includes pensioners, students and others. Includes Ă…land.
Labour force survey data. Estimated data. The move to a continous labour force survey in January 2003 may cause a break in the series. Age group 15-19 includes only people in the labour force aged 16-19.
Labour force survey. Age: Annual average of age during 12 measurements months.
Due to the new EU-harmonised Labour Force Survey (LFS) introduced from April 2005 the definition of unemployment has changed from 2005 to include full-time students who are looking for jobs and are available for work. These full-time students were up to 2004 included in the group Not in labour force. Age group 15-19 includes only people in the labour force aged 16-19.
Break in time series 2005 (excluding Total (number of persons))
Break in time series 2005 (excluding Total (number of persons))
Total (number of persons): Break in time series 2011, 2015 and 2017.
Total (number of persons): Provisional data 2016 and 2017.