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GREE32: Recycling of municipal waste by reporting country and time

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Percent of total municipal waste generated
Eurostat [env_wasmun].
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This is a vision indicator selected by the Nordic Council of Ministers. It relates to the target Responsible consumption and production under the area A green Nordic region.

The indicator shows the proportion of recycled municipal waste of the total amount of generated municipal waste, in percent. Recycling includes material recycling, composting and anaerobic handling.

In the table, the Nordic Region is comprised of the following countries/areas: Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden.

Ă…land is included in the data for Finland.

For more information on Our Vision 2030 and the indicators, please see this article.

Definition and concepts of municipal wastes statistics are fixed by the Waste Framework Directive (Directive 2008/98/EG). In 2018 a new directive, Directive (EU) 2018/851, came in place, amending Directive 2008/98. Therefore between 2019 and 2022 several countries adapted their data collection system to the new definition. In some cases this lead to a break in series, please see comments below.

reporting country


From 2020, Norway has included the municipal waste from other origin than services and households. This did not lead to an immediate increase of the amount of waste generated, as the amounts of the service sector decreased by 30% due to the closures in the pandemic.


Break in time series 2020 due to new directive.