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REDE01: Expenditure on Research and Development by sector, reporting country, unit and time

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5/17/2022
Million PPS and percent of GDP
5/19/2021
Eurostat [rd_e_gerdtot].
REDE01
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Field for searching for a specific value in the list box. This is examples of values you can search for.Denmark , Finland , Iceland ,

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Mandatory

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Mandatory
Field for searching for a specific value in the list box. This is examples of values you can search for.1995 , 1996 , 1997 ,

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Intramural R&D expenditures: all expenditures for R&D performed within a statistical unit or sector of the economy during a specific period, whatever the source of funds.

PPS: The purchasing power standard, abbreviated as PPS, is an artificial currency unit. Theoretically, one PPS can buy the same amount of goods and services in each country. However, price differences across borders mean that different amounts of national currency units are needed for the same goods and services depending on the country. PPS are derived by dividing any economic aggregate of a country in national currency by its respective purchasing power parities.

reporting country

Denmark

Break in time series: 2007.

Break in time series 2002 and 1998 for Government and higher education.

Estimated data: 1996, 1998.

Provisional data: 2017, 2018, 2019.

Please see metadata at Eurostat [table: rd_e_gerdtot] for more information.

Finland

Estimated data 1996 (Business and enterprise sector, Higher Education) and 1997 (Private non-profit sector).

Definitions differ for Government sector 1996.

Break in time series 1997 for Higher education and Total.

Iceland

Break in time series: 2011, 2013.

Break in time series 2010 for Business and enterprise sector and Higher education.

Estimated data: 2000 and 2002.

Estimated data 2010 for: Business and enterprise sector.

Estimated data 2011 for Total, Business and enterprise sector, Government and Private non-profit sector.

Norway

Break in time series 2007 for Government and Higher education.

Break in time series for Business and enterprise sector and Total 1995.

Provisional data: 2019.

Sweden

Some definitions differ. There are several breaks in time series and many data are estimated. Provisional data: 2016, 2019.

Please see metadata at Eurostat (table: rd_e_gerdtot) for more information.

EA

EA referes to the euro area, with a fixed area composition of the current 19 countries.

Estimated data: 2004-2018 for Private non-profit sector.

Estimated data: 2003 for Business and enterprise sector, Government, Higher education and Private non-profit sector.

Estimated data: 2000, 2001, 2002.

Provisional data: 2019.

EU

From June 2020: EU refers to EU27_2020, which is the European Union with a fixed area composition of the current 27 countries.

Estimated data: 2004-2018 for Private non-profit sector.

Estimated data: 2003 for Business and enterprise sector, Government, Higher education and Private non-profit sector.

Estimated data: 2000, 2001 and 2002.

Provisional data: 2019.